Topic: Disasters, terror and stress management

2011 Norway attacks: Examining long-term adjustment in survivors of the Utøya Island massacre

2016 This project has been completed 2020

Project Manager

Project Members

Main objective

The overall aim of this project is to enhance our understanding of survivors’ long-term adjustment after a terrorist attack.

Subsidiary objectives

More specifically, I want to explore the positive and negative personal changes people experiences post-trauma, and study the association between self-perceived posttraumatic growth (PTG), posttraumatic stress symptoms (PTSS), centrality of event (CES), among young adult trauma survivors, over time. Observed positive behavioral changes post-terror will aslo be explored.


By assessing PTG, PTSD and CES at several time points, I will be able to examine the developmental pathways and explore their temporal relationships in post-trauma adjustment.  Both quantitative and qualitative methods will be used.


Glad, K. A., Czajkowski, N. O., Dyb, G., & Hafstad, G. S. (2020). Does event centrality mediate the effect of peritraumatic reactions on post-traumatic growth in survivors of a terrorist attack. European Journal of Psychotraumatology, 11(1). doi:10.1080/20008198.2020.1766276

Glad, K. A., Czajkowski, N. O., Dyb, G., & Hafstad, G. S. (2019). Cross-Lagged Association Between Symptoms of Posttraumatic Stress Disorder and Perceived Centrality of a Terrorist Attack. Clinical Psychological Science. doi:10.1177/2167702619873590

Glad, K. A., Kilmer, R. P., Dyb, G., & Hafstad, G. S. (2019). Caregiver-reported positive changes in young survivors of a terrorist attack. Journal of Child and Family Studies, 28(3), 704-719. doi:10.1007/s10826-018-1298-7