20 % of Norwegian adolescents have experienced being pulled by the hair, pinched, shaken or slapped by their parents. 5 % have experienced severe physical violence, like being kicked, beaten with a sharp object or beaten up.
All forms of childhood violence and abuse can lead to later physical health issues. This study shows that posttraumatic stress reactions can link violence and abuse with the development of physical health problems.
– Differing European standards for what is regarded as unacceptable violence against children is mirrored in the research, Carolina Øverlien says. The Journal of Family Violence has two special issues on European violence research.