Topic: Violence and abuse

The role of transnational relations for decisions concerning female genital mutilation/cutting in Norway

This study aims at exploring how global factors - transnational relations - affect decision processes concerning female genital mutilation/cutting among migrants in Norway

2017 This project has been completed 2019

Project Manager

Main objective

The project will explore the ways and extent to which transnational relations affects changes in attitude and practice regarding female genital mutilation/cutting. The questions we aim at illuminating includes: a) Woo makes decisions concerning FGM/C of girls living in Norway, and were do these people live? b) Is there a risk of FGM/C for girls staying for longer periods of time in their (parents) country of origin or a neighbouring country or with relatives and family elsewhere? c) Are parents who refrain from performing FGM/C on their daughters exposed to pressure from family or relatives in other countries? d) Does FGM/C status affect marriage patterns? e) Is there any linkages between FGM/C and forced marriage?


This is a qualitative study including in-depth interviews and focus group as well as some statistical material about migration and marital patterns.


Johansen, R. E. B. (2022). Discourses of change: the shift from infibulation to sunna circumcision among Somali and Sudanese migrants in Norway. PLOS ONE, 17(6). doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0268322

Johansen, R. E. B., & Ahmed, S. A. E. (2021). Negotiating Female Genital Cutting in a transnational context. Qualitative Health Research, 31(3), 458-471. doi:10.1177/1049732320979183

Johansen, R. E. B. (2020). The applicability of the theory of planned behavior for research and care of Female Genital Cutting. Archives of Sexual Behavior. doi:10.1007/s10508-020-01716-9

Johansen, R. E. B., Ziyada, M. M., Shell-Duncan, B., Kaplan, A., & Leye, E. (2018). Health sector involvement in the management of female genital mutilation/cutting in 30 countries. BMC Health Services Research, 18(240). doi:10.1186/s12913-018-3033-x