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Ormhaug, Silje Mørup

Forsker II
 
Telephone: +4799609336

Areas of Expertise

Areas of Expertise

  • Research on therapy for trauma-exposed children
  • Trauma focused cognitive behavioral therapy (TF-CBT)
  • Stepped Care CBT for Children after Trauma (SC-CBT-CT)
  • Therapeutic alliance
  • Implementation of evidence-based treatments

Ormhaug has a PhD in Psychology (2016) from the University of Oslo, as part of the Norwegian RCT study of TF-CBT.

Ormhaug’s core competences include child trauma, PTSD, RCTs, and psychotherapy research. She has been research leader and head of the section for implementation and treatment studies at NKVTS, where she had overall responsibility for three large implementation and treatment studies involving national and international collaborating institutions.

Ormhaug directs several research projects, including the Norwegian Stepped Care TF-CBT RCT study, and the project “Investigating the evidence base of treatments for persons exposed to, and perpetrators of, violence”. As part of these and other projects she collaborates closely with key institutions in the field such at The Norwegian Institute of Public Health (FHI) and with leading experts in the US.

Ormhaug also works closely with Norwegian health services, and is consulted as an expert by health authorities. She was member of the Directorate of Health’s expert panel on violence and trauma in their work with developing national patient pathways for psychic health (2017-18).

She also has key roles in organizing major national and international scientific events. Examples include head of the scientific committee for the 2018 Norwegian TF-CBT conference with 200 participants and the 2022 and 2023 conferences for evidence based trauma treatment with 300-350 participants.

 

Projects

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Academic Articles

Fagermoen, E. M., Skjærvø, I., Birkeland, M. S., Jensen, T., Ormhaug, S. M., (2024). The bidirectional associations between caregiver and child symptoms in the parent-led treatment stepping together for children after traumaElsevier. doi:10.1016/j.brat.2023.104459

Ormhaug, S. M., Skjærvø, I., Dyrdal, G. M., Fagermoen, E. M., Haabrekke, K. J. Ø., Jensen, T., Knutsen, M. L., Næss, A., Päivärinne, H. M., Martinsen, M., (2024). Stepping Together for Children After Trauma (ST-CT): Feasibility and Predictors of Outcome of a Parent-led, Therapist Assisted TreatmentSpringer. doi:https://doi.org/10.1007/s10802-024-01199-5

Fagermoen, E. M., Skjærvø, I., Jensen, T., Ormhaug, S. M., (2023). Parent-led stepped care for traumatised children: parental factors that predict treatment completion and responseTaylor & Francis. doi:10.1080/20008066.2023.2225151

de Haan, A., Meiser-Stedman, R., Landolt, M. A., Kuhn, I., Black, M. J., Klaus, K., Patel, S. D., Fisher, D. J., Haag, C., Ukoumunne, O. C., Jones, B. G., Flaiyah, A. M., Catani, C., Dawson, K., Bryant, R. A., de Roos, C., Ertl, V., Foa, E. B., Ford, J. D., Gilboa-Schechtman, E., Tutus, D., Hermenau, K., Hecker, T., Hultmann, O., Axberg, U., Jaberghaderi, N., Jensen, T., Ormhaug, S. M., Kenardy, J., Lindauer, R. J. L., Diehle, J., Murray, L. K., Kane, J. C., Peltonen, K., Kangaslampi, S., Robjant, K., Koebach, A., Rosner, R., Rossouw, J., Smith, P., Tonge, B. J., Hitchcock, C., Dalgleish, T., (2023). Efficacy and moderators of efficacy of cognitive behavioural therapies with a trauma focus in children and adolescents: an individual participant data meta-analysis of randomised trialsElsevier. doi:10.1016/S2352-4642(23)00253-5

Stensland, S., Glad, K. A., Andersen, A. J., Brodersen, D., Bækkelund, H., Daae, C., Heltne, U. M., Jensen, T., Johnsen, I., Kristensen, P., Nissen, A., Ormhaug, S. M., Reinholdt, N. P., Stene, L. E., Thapa, S. B., Thoresen, S., Ottesen, A., (2023). Oppfølging av mennesker rammet av krig og katastrofer. Tidsskrift for Den norske legeforening. doi:10.4045/tidsskr.23.0791

Ovenstad, K. S., Ormhaug, S. M., & Jensen, T. (2022). The relationship between youth involvement, alliance and outcome in trauma-focused cognitive behavioral therapy. Psychotherapy Research, 1-13. doi:10.1080/10503307.2022.2123719

Skar, A. M. S., Braathu, N., Jensen, T., & Ormhaug, S. M. (2022). Predictors of nonresponse and drop-out among children and adolescents receiving TF-CBT: investigation of client-, therapist-, and implementation factors. BMC Health Services Research, 22(1), 1-13. doi:10.1186/s12913-022-08497-y

Jensen, T., Braathu, N., Birkeland, M. S., Ormhaug, S. M., & Skar, A. M. S. (2022). Complex PTSD and treatment outcomes in TF-CBT for youth: A naturalistic study. European Journal of Psychotraumatology, 13(2), 1-11. doi:10.1080/20008066.2022.2114630

Ovenstad, K. S., Jensen, T., & Ormhaug, S. M. (2021). Four perspectives on traumatized youths’ therapeutic alliance: Correspondence and outcome predictions. Psychotherapy Research. doi:10.1080/10503307.2021.2011983

Pfeiffer, E., Ormhaug, S. M., Tutus, D., Holt, T., Rosner, R., Wentzel-Larsen, T., & Jensen, T. K. (2020). Does the therapist matter? Therapist characteristics and their relation to outcome in trauma-focused cognitive behavioral therapy for children and adolescents. European Journal of Psychotraumatology, 11(1), 1-10. doi:10.1080/20008198.2020.1776048

Ovenstad, K. S., Ovenstad, K. S., Ormhaug, S. M., Shirk, S. R., & Jensen, T. K.Jensen, T. K. (2020). Therapists' behaviors and youths' therapeutic alliance during trauma-focused cognitive behavioral therapy. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 88(4), 350-361. doi:10.1037/ccp0000465

Aas, E., Silwal, S., Cyr, P. R., Holt, T., Ormhaug, S. M., & Jensen, T. K. (2020). Health-related quality of life (HRQoL) in children and adolescent with post-traumatic stress symptom: A comparison of 16D and condition-specific instruments. Nordic Journal of Health Economics, 8(1), 46-71. doi:10.5617/njhe.6929

Birkeland, M. S., Holt, T., Ormhaug, S. M., & Jensen, T. K. (2020). Perceived social support and posttraumatic stress symptoms in children and youth in therapy: A parallel process latent growth curve model. Behaviour Research and Therapy, 132. doi:10.1016/j.brat.2020.103655 Summary

Skar, A. M. S., Ormhaug, S. M., & Jensen, T. K. (2019). Reported Levels of Upset in Youth After Routine Trauma Screening at Mental Health Clinics. JAMA Network Open, 2(5), e194003. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2019.4003

Aas, E., Iversen, T., Holt, T., Ormhaug, S. M., & Jensen, T. K. (2019). Cost-Effectiveness Analysis of Trauma-Focused Cognitive Behavioral Therapy: A Randomized Control Trial among Norwegian Youth. Journal of Clinical Child & Adolescent Psychology, 48(1), S298-S311. doi:10.1080/15374416.2018.1463535

Knutsen, M. L., Knutsen, M. L., Czajkowski, N. O., & Ormhaug, S. M. (2018). Changes in posttraumatic stress symptoms, cognitions, and depression during treatment of traumatized youth. Behaviour Research and Therapy, 111, 119-126. doi:10.1016/j.brat.2018.10.010

Jensen, T. K., Holt, T., Ormhaug, S. M., Fjermestad, K., & Wentzel-Larsen, T. (2018). Change in post-traumatic cognitions mediates treatment effects for traumatized youth — A randomized controlled trial. Journal of Counseling Psychology, 65(2), 166-177. doi:10.1037/cou0000258

Ormhaug, S. M., & Jensen, T. K. (2018). Investigating treatment characteristics and first-session relationship variables as predictors of dropout in the treatment of traumatized youth. Psychotherapy Research, 28(2), 235-249. doi:10.1080/10503307.2016.1189617 Summary

Jensen, T. K., Holt, T., & Ormhaug, S. M. (2017). A follow-up study from a multisite, randomized controlled trial for traumatized children receiving TF-CBT. Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology, 45(8), 1587-1597. doi:10.1007/s10802-017-0270-0 Summary

Dos Santos, N. E., Jensen, T. K., & Ormhaug, S. M. (2016). Er det så ille å bli spurt om traumer? : barns opplevelser av traumekartlegging i BUP [Is it really so upsetting? Traumatized children’s reaction to screening and symptom assessment] Norwegian only. Tidsskrift for Norsk Psykologforening, 53(7), 536-545. Summary

Jensen, T. K., & Ormhaug, S. M. (2016). Behandling av barn og ungdom som har erfart traumer [Treatment for children and adolescents exposed to trauma] Norwegian only. In C. Øverlien, M. I. Hauge & J. H. Schultz (Red.) Barn, vold og traumer. Møter med unge i utsatte livssituasjoner. (pp. 237-250). Universitetsforlaget.

Jensen, T. K., & Ormhaug, S. M. (2016). Tidlig intervensjon og forebygging av traumerelaterte vansker og posttraumatisk stress hos barn og unge [Early intervention for traumarelated sypmtoms and posttramatisc stress] Norwegian only. In C. Øverlien, M. I. Hauge & J. H. Schultz (Red.) Barn, vold og traumer. Møter med unge i utsatte livssituasjoner. (pp. 23-44). Universitetsforlaget.

Ormhaug, S. M., Shirk, S. R., & Wentzel-Larsen, T. (2015). Therapist and client perspectives on the alliance in the treatment of traumatized adolescents. European Journal of Psychotraumatology, 6. doi:10.3402/ejpt.v6.27705 Summary

Hukkelberg, S. S., Ormhaug, S. M., Holt, T., Wentzel-Larsen, T., & Jensen, T. K. (2014). Diagnostic utility of CPSS vs. CAPS-CA for assessing posttraumatic stress symptoms in children and adolescents. Journal of Anxiety Disorders, 28(1), 51-56. doi:10.1016/j.janxdis.2013.11.001 Summary

Ormhaug, S. M., Jensen, T. K., Wentzel-Larsen, T., & Shirk, S. R. (2014). The Therapeutic Alliance in Treatment of Traumatized Youths: Relation to Outcome in a Randomized Clinical Trial. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 82(1), 52-64. doi:10.1037/a0033884 Summary

Jensen, T. K., Holt, T., Ormhaug, S. M., Egeland, K., Granly, L., Hoaas, L. E. C., Hukkelberg, S. S., Indregard, T., Stormyren, S., & Wentzel-Larsen, T. (2014). A Randomized Effectiveness Study Comparing Trauma-Focused Cognitive Behavioral Therapy With Therapy as Usual for Youth. Journal of Clinical Child & Adolescent Psychology, 43(3), 356-369. doi:10.1080/15374416.2013.822307 Summary

Hultmann, O., Möller, J., Ormhaug, S. M., & Broberg, A. (2013). Asking Routinely About Intimate Partner Violence in a Child and Adolescent Psychiatric Clinic: A Qualitative Study. Journal of Family Violence. doi:10.1007/s10896-013-9554-5 Summary

Glad, K. A., Jensen, T. K., Holt, T., & Ormhaug, S. M. (2013). Exploring self-perceived growth in a clinical sample of severely traumatized youth. International Journal of Child Abuse & Neglect, 37(5), 331-342. doi:10.1016/j.chiabu.2013.02.007 Summary

Ormhaug, S. M., Jensen, T. K., Hukkelberg, S. S., & Egeland, K. (2012). Traumer hos barn - blir de gjemt eller glemt? Kartlegging av traumatiske erfaringer hos barn og unge henvist til BUP [Screening for traumatic experiences among children and adolescents referred to outpatient clinics] Norwegian only. Tidsskrift for Norsk Psykologforening, 49, 234-239. Summary

Stensland, S., Aakvaag, H. F., & Ormhaug, S. M. (2011). Posttraumatiske reaksjoner hos barn og ungdom: Hvordan kan barnelegen møte barn og ungdommer som har opplevd traumatiske hendelser. Paidos: Tidsskrift for Norsk barnelegeforening, 29(2), 60-63.

Stormyren, S., & Ormhaug, S. M. (2009). Barns reaksjoner på traumatiske opplevelser. Fosterhjemskontakt : tidsskrift om fosterhjemsarbeid, 28(2), 3-4.

Books and dissertations

Ormhaug, S. M. (2016). The therapeutic alliance in the treatment of traumatized youths. Relationship to outcome and dropout across rater perspectives and therapeutic interventions. (Doktorgradsavhandling). Summary

Reports

Birkeland, M. S., Blestad, C., Granly, L., Knutsen, M. L., Ormhaug, S. M., Skar, A. S., Jensen, T., (2024). Femten år med forskning på og implementering av traumefokusert kognitiv atferdsterapi (TF-CBT) i Norge.

Other publications

Ormhaug, S. M., Augusti, E., Birkeland, M. S., Bræin, M. K., Evang, A., Hafstad, G. S., Hansen, L. S., Jensen, T., Knutsen, M. L., Løken, P. M. H., Michaelsen, K., Moen, L. H., Päivärinne, H. M., Simonsen, A. H., Skar, A. S., Øverland, K., Øverlien, C., (2023). Barn trenger rom til å fortelle. Tidsskrift for Norsk Psykologforening.

Ormhaug, S. M., Augusti, E., Birkeland, M. S., Bræin, M. K., Evang, A., Hafstad, G. S., Hansen, L. S., Jensen, T., Knutsen, M. L., Løken, P. M. H., Michaelsen, K., Moen, L. H., Päivärinne, H. M., Simonsen, A. H., Skar, A. S., Øverland, K., Øverlien, C., (2023). Angsten for å snakke med barn om vold og overgrep. Tidsskrift for Norsk Psykologforening.

Ormhaug, S. M., Jensen, T., Øverland, K., Augusti, E., Birkeland, M. S., Bræin, M. K., Evang, A., Hafstad, G. S., Hansen, L. S., Øverlien, C., (2023). Barn trenger rom til å fortelle. Vi må unngå å skape usikkerhet om det er greit å snakke med barn om vold.. Tidsskrift for Norsk Psykologforening.

Ormhaug, S. M., Jensen, T., Øverland, K., (2023). Angsten for å snakke med barn om vold og overgrep. Vi er bekymret for at påstander om filmen «Alle barn har rett til en trygg barndom» kan føre til at vi blir redde for å snakke med barn om vold og overgrep.. Tidsskrift for Norsk Psykologforening. doi:10.31265/ps.695

Fagermoen, E. M., Jensen, T. K., Skjærvø, I., & Ormhaug, S. M. (2022 November). Child and Caregiver Secondary Outcomes after the Parent-led step 1 of Stepped Care Cognitive Behavioral Therapy for Children after Trauma (SC-CBT-CT): Results from a Pilot Study. Paper presented at ISTSS 38th Annual Meeting: Trauma and Transdiagnostic Risk Factor Across the Lifespan, Atlanta, Georgia.

Fagermoen, E. M., Jensen, T. K., Marianne, M., & Ormhaug, S. M. (2022 May). Foreldrenes opplevelse av å hjelpe barna sine med å få det bedre gjennom Trinnvis TF-CBT. Foredrag på NKVTS-konferansen om kunnskapsbasert traumebehandling, Oslo.

Nordanger, D., Gjestad, R., Solhaug, P., Andersen, A., Bræin, M. K., Johannessen, K. N., Lundegaard, A., Ormhaug, S. M., Andersson, G. J., Gran, J., Hafstad, G. S., Hanssen, T., Johansen, V. A., Simonsen, A. H., Steinkopf, H., & Johansson, E. R. (2021). Trauma and development education monitor: Et nytt instrument for å måle traumekompetanse. Tidsskrift for Norsk Psykologforening. doi:10.52734/Y6g8ru84

Fagermoen, E. M., Jensen, T., Skjærvø, I., Martinsen, M., Ormhaug, S. M., (2021). How parents in Norwegian municipalities experience the therapist-assisted parent-led treatment Stepped Care Trauma-Focused Behavioral Therapy (SC-TF-CBT)? .ISTSS 37th Annual Meeting: Trauma in Context: Moving Beyond the Individual, Atlanta, Georgia.

Nordanger, D. Ø., Gjestad, R., Solhaug, P., Andersen, A., Bræin, M. K., Johannessen, K. N., Lundegaard, A., Ormhaug, S. M., Andersson, G. J., Gran, J., Hafstad, G. S., Hanssen, T., Johansen, V. A., Simonsen, A. H., Steinkopf, H., Johansson, E. R., (2021). Trauma and Development Education Monitor: et nytt instrument for å måle traumekompetanse. Tidsskrift for Norsk Psykologforening. doi:10.52734/Y6g8ru84

Martinsen, M., Dyrdal, G. M., Fagermoen, E. M., Næss, A., Ormhaug, S. M., & Jensen, T. K. (2019 November). Bridging the Gap in Trauma Treatment: Introducing Stepped Care TF-CBT in Community Level Care. Paper presented at ISTSS 35th Annual Meeting, Boston.

Borge, R. H., Blestad, C., Skar, A. M. S., Skagemo, C. U., Ormhaug, S. M., & Jensen, T. K. (2019 September). Treating Young Victims of Domestic Violence: The Usefulness of Trauma-Focused Cognitive Behavioral Therapy. Paper presented at 3rd European Conference on Domestic Violence, Oslo.

Harpviken, A. N., Skar, A. M. S., Birkeland, M. S., Ormhaug, S. M., & Jensen, T. K. (2019 September). Who reports what? A comparison of child and caregiver's reports of child trauma exposure and post-traumatic stress symptoms. Paper presented at 3rd European Conference on Domestic Violence (ECDV), Oslo.

Næss, A., Jensen, T. K., Skjærvø, I., Ormhaug, S. M., Skagemo, C. U., & Martinsen, M. (2019 September). Municipal Leaders’ Attitudes Towards Evidence-Based Interventions Targeting Interpersonal Violence: Testing Stepped-Care Trauma-Focused Cognitive-Behavioral-Therapy (SC-TF-CBT) in Norway. Paper presented at 3rd European Conference on Domestic Violence (ECDV), Oslo, Oslo Congress Center.

Skar, A. M. S., Ormhaug, S. M., & Jensen, T. K. (2019 June). Implementing trauma focused treatments with fidelity into child and adolescent mental health clinics. Anchoring new approaches in the organization to ensure reach over time. Paper presented at Konferanse, Rotterdam.

Skar, A. M. S., Birkeland, M. S., Ormhaug, S. M., & Jensen, T. K. (2019 January). Does routine screening for trauma matter? A quasi-experiment of differences in diagnoses after implementation of trauma screening procedures in Norway. Paper presented at The 34th annual San Diego international conference on child and family maltreatment, San Diego.

Jensen, T. K., Skar, A. M. S., & Ormhaug, S. M. (2018 September). Implementing TF-CBT in Norwegian Child Mental Health Clinics: Youth’s reports of distress following routine trauma screening. Paper presented at ISPCAN XXII International Congress on child abuse and neglect, Praha.

Ormhaug, S. M., Sachser, C., Pffeiffer, E., Goldbeck, L., & Jensen, T. K. (2018 November). Posttraumatic cognitions (PTCs) predict PTSD, but what predicts PTC?. Paper presented at ISTSS, Washington, DC.

Skar, A. M. S., Jensen, T. K., & Ormhaug, S. M. (2017 June). Is trauma screening upsetting for youth?. Paper presented at 15th Conference of European Society for Traumatic Stress Studies (ESTSS), Odense.

Ormhaug, S. M., Birkeland, M. S., & Jensen, T. K. (2017 June). "I don't want to talk about it". Youth' disengagement in trauma-focused cognitive behavioral therapy (TF-CBT). Paper presented at ESTSS konferansen, Odense.

Ormhaug, S. M. (2016 January). Compare and contrast PTSD in children and adults in terms of pathology and treatment, from research and clinical perspectives. Paper presented at Prøveforelesning for PhD. graden, Oslo.

Skar, A. M. S., Ormhaug, S. M., Granly, L., & Jensen, T. K. (2016 December). Transferring Knowledge to Practice: Implementing TF-CBT in Norwegian Child Mental Health Clinics. Paper presented at International Society for Traumatic Stress Studies, Dallas.

Ormhaug, S. M., & Jensen, T. K. (2016 November). One Question Can Predict Outcome In Trauma-Focused CBT: “Do You Think We Have Found A Good Way to Work on Your Difficult Thoughts and Feelings?”. Paper presented at ISTSS.

Holt, T., Jensen, T. K., & Ormhaug, S. M. (2015 June). The change trajectories in parental emotional and depressive reactions during and after their traumatized child receives treatment. Paper presented at Europeisk traumekonferanse, Vilnius.

Holt, T., Jensen, T. K., & Ormhaug, S. M. (2014 June). The role of parental and child reported social support in treatment of traumatized children and youth. Paper presented at Internasjonal, vitenskapelig konferanse om psykoterpi, Copenhagen, Denmark.

Ormhaug, S. M., Jensen, T. K., & Holt, T. (2014 November). Won't they be very upset? Ethical considerations when assessing for trauma and trauma symptoms in child and adolescent mental health clinics. Paper presented at ISTSS 30th annual meeting, Miami, FL, USA.

Ormhaug, S. M., & Shirk, S. R. (2014 June). The dimensionality of the therapeutic alliance with youth: Confirmatory facror analysis of the Therapeutic Alliance Scale for Children (TASC-R). Paper presented at SPR 45th annual meeting, København.

Holt, T., Jensen, T. K., & Ormhaug, S. M. (2013 June). The Role of Parental and Child reported Social Support in Treatment of Traumatized Children and Youth. Paper presented at European Conference on Traumatic Stress.

Ormhaug, S. M., Holt, T., & Jensen, T. K. (2013 July). Predictors of Nonresponse in Trauma-Focused Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (TF-CBT) With Youth. Paper presented at 7th World Congress of Behavioral & Cognitive Therapies, Lima, Peru.

Ormhaug, S. M. (2013 September). Betydningen av en god terapeutisk allianse i TF-CBT. Foredrag på Understanding terror and violence in the lives of children and adolescents, Oslo.

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