Tema: Katastrofer, terror og stressmestring

Terrorangrepet. Forskningsprogram.

Etter terroraksjonene som rammet Norge 22. juli 2011, igangsatte NKVTS et forskningsprogram om terrorens konsekvenser.

 
2012 Dette forskningsprogrammet er pågående 2019

Forskningsprogramleder

Forskningsprogramdeltakere

Hovedmål

Målsettingen med forskningsprogrammet er å få mer kunnskap om terrorens betydning for berørte, hjelpere og for befolkningen som helhet, samt å undersøke hvordan samfunnets institusjoner spiller inn.

Resultatene skal gi økt innsikt i terrorens konsekvenser, og kunnskap om hvordan disse konsekvensene skal kunne forebygges eller begrenses. Programmet skal også bidra til kunnskap om hjelpetiltak og danne grunnlag for råd for håndtering av senere katastrofer.

Les mer om de enkelte forskningsprosjektene ved å følge lenkene nedenfor.

Pågående prosjekter

Gjennomførte prosjekter

Publikasjoner

Glad, K. A., Thoresen, S., Hafstad, G. S., & Dyb, G. (2018). Survivors Report Back. Young people reflect on their media experiences after a terrorist attack. Journalism Studies, 19(11), 1652-1668. doi:10.1080/1461670X.2017.1291313

Nilsen, L. G., Hafstad, G. S., Staksrud, E., & Dyb, G. (2018). Five reasons for using social media among young terror survivors: Results from the Utøya study. Computers in Human Behavior, 84, 285-294. doi:10.1016/j.chb.2018.03.006

Stene, L. E., Schultz, J. H., & Dyb, G. (2018). Returning to school after a terror attack: a longitudinal study of school functioning and health in terror-exposed youth. European Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, 1-10. doi:10.1007/s00787-018-1196-y

Stensland, S., Zwart, J. A., Wentzel-Larsen, T., & Dyb, G. (2018). The headache of terror: A matched cohort study of adolescents from the Utøya and the HUNT Study. Neurology, 90(2), e111-e118. doi:10.1212/WNL.0000000000004805

Birkeland, M. S., & Heir, T. (2017). Making connections: exploring the centrality of posttraumatic stress symptoms and covariates after a terrorist attack. European Journal of Psychotraumatology. doi:10.1080/20008198.2017.1333387

Birkeland, M. S., Blix, I., Solberg, Ø., & Heir, T. (2017). Does optimism act as a buffer against posttraumatic stress over time? A longitudinal study of the protective role of optimism after the 2011 Oslo bombing.. Psychological Trauma, 9(2), 207-213. doi:10.1037/tra0000188

Birkeland, M. S., Blix, I., Solberg, Ø., & Heir, T. (2017). Gender Differences in Posttraumatic Stress Symptoms after a Terrorist Attack: A Network Approach. Frontiers in Psychology, 8. doi:10.3389/fpsyg.2017.02091

Birkeland, M. S., Hansen, M., Blix, I., Solberg, Ø., & Heir, T. (2017). For Whom Does Time Heal Wounds? Individual Differences in Stability and Change in Posttraumatic Stress after the 2011 Oslo Bombing. Journal of Traumatic Stress, 30(1), 19-26. doi:10.1002/jts.22158

Birkeland, M. S., Nielsen, M. B., Hansen, M., Knardahl, S., & Heir, T. (2017). Like a bridge over troubled water? A longitudinal study of general social support, colleague support, and leader support as recovery factors after a traumatic event. European Journal of Psychotraumatology, 8(1). doi:10.1080/20008198.2017.1302692

Birkeland, M. S., Nielsen, M. B., Hansen, M., Knardahl, S., & Heir, T. (2017). The impact of a workplace terrorist attack on employees’ perceptions of leadership: A longitudinal study from pre- to postdisaster. Leadership Quarterly, 28(5), 659-671. doi:10.1016/j.leaqua.2017.01.002

Bugge, I., Dyb, G., Stensland, S., Ekeberg, Ø., Wentzel-Larsen, T., & Diseth, T. H. (2017). Physical Injury and Somatic Complaints: The Mediating Role of Posttraumatic Stress Symptoms in Young Survivors of a Terror Attack. Journal of Traumatic Stress, 30(3), 229-236. doi:10.1002/jts.22191

Glad, K. A., Hafstad, G. S., Jensen, T. K., & Dyb, G. (2017). A longitudinal study of psychological distress and exposure to trauma reminders after terrorism. Psychological Trauma, 9, 145-152. doi:10.1037/tra0000224

Hafstad, G. S., Thoresen, S., Wentzel-Larsen, T., Maercker, A., & Dyb, G. (2017). PTSD or not PTSD? Comparing the proposed ICD-11 and the DSM-5 PTSD criteria among young survivors of the 2011 Norway attacks and their parents. Psychological Medicine, 47(7), 1283-1291. doi:10.1017/S0033291716002968

Haga, J. M., Stene, L. E., Thoresen, S., Wentzel-Larsen, T., & Dyb, G. (2017). Does posttraumatic stress predict frequency of general practitioner visits in parents of terrorism survivors? A longitudinal study. European Journal of Psychotraumatology, 8(1). doi:10.1080/20008198.2017.1389206

Haga, J. M., Thoresen, S., Stene, L. E., Wentzel-Larsen, T., & Dyb, G. (2017). Healthcare to parents of young terrorism survivors: A registry-based study in Norway. BMJ Open, 7(12). doi:10.1136/bmjopen-2017-018358

Hansen, M., Birkeland, M. S., Nissen, A., Blix, I., Solberg, Ø., & Heir, T. (2017). Prevalence and course of symptom-defined PTSD in individuals directly or indirectly exposed to terror: A longitudinal study. Psychiatry, 80(2), 171-183. doi:10.1080/00332747.2016.1230983

Jakobsen, K. K., Langballe, Å., & Schultz, J. H. (2017). Trauma-exposed young victims: possibilities and constraints for providing trauma support within the investigative interview. Psychology, Crime and Law, 23(5), 427-444. doi:10.1080/1068316X.2016.1269903

Langballe, Å., & Schultz, J. H. (2017). ‘I couldn’t tell such things to others’: Trauma-exposed youth and the investigative interview. Police Practice & Research, 18(1), 62-74. doi:10.1080/15614263.2016.1229185

Langballe, Å., & Schultz, J. H. (2017). Er det skadelig å delta i politiavhør? Å bli avhørt kort tid etter en traumatiserende hendelse kan gi utslag både i positiv og negativ retning. Politiforum.

Laugerud, S., & Langballe, Å. (2017). Turning the Witness Stand into a Speaker’s Platform: Victim Participation in the Norwegian Legal System as Exemplified by the Trial Against Anders Behring Breivik. Law & society review, 51(2), 227-251. doi:10.1111/lasr.12268

Nielsen, M. B., Birkeland, M. S., Hansen, M., Knardahl, S., & Heir, T. (2017). Victimization from workplace bullying after a traumatic event: time-lagged relationships with symptoms of posttraumatic stress. International Archives of Occupational and Environmental Health, 90(5), 411-421. doi:10.1007/s00420-017-1204-4

Nilsen, L. G., Stene, L. E., Glad, K. A., Hafstad, G. S., & Dyb, G. (2017). Oppfølgingen av de som overlevde på Utøya. Erfaringer med tiltakene fra det offentlige hjelpeapparatet.. Nasjonalt kunnskapssenter om vold og traumatisk stress. (Rapport 3/2017).

Shultz, J. M., Thoresen, S., & Galea, S. (2017). The Las Vegas Shootings—Underscoring Key Features of the Firearm Epidemic. Journal of the American Medical Association (JAMA). doi:10.1001/jama.2017.16420

Skarstein, D., & Schultz, J. H. (2017). Identity at risk: Students’ identity configuration in the aftermath of trauma. Scandinavian Journal of Educational Research, 62(5), 798-812. doi:10.1080/00313831.2017.1307273

Birkeland, M. S., Knatten, C. K., Hansen, M., Hem, C., & Heir, T. (2016). Long-term relationships between perceived social support and posttraumatic stress after the 2011 Oslo bombing: A three-year longitudinal study. Journal of Affective Disorders, 202, 230-235. doi:10.1016/j.jad.2016.05.037

Blix, I., Birkeland, M. S., Hansen, M., & Heir, T. (2016). Posttraumatic Growth—An Antecedent and Outcome of Posttraumatic Stress: Cross-Lagged Associations Among Individuals Exposed to Terrorism. Clinical Psychological Science, 4(4), 620-628. doi:10.1177/2167702615615866

Blix, I., Birkeland, M. S., Solberg, Ø., Hansen, M., & Heir, T. (2016). The Launching and Ensnaring Effects of Construing a Traumatic Event as Central to One’s Identity and Life Story. Applied Cognitive Psychology, 30(4), 526-531. doi:10.1002/acp.3224

Blix, I., Kanten, A. B., Birkeland, M. S., Solberg, Ø., Nissen, A., & Heir, T. (2016). Thinking About What Might Have Happened: Counterfactual Thinking and Post-traumatic Stress in Individuals Directly and Indirectly Exposed to the 2011 Oslo Bombing. Applied Cognitive Psychology, 30(6), 983-991. doi:10.1002/acp.3289

Dyb, G., Glad, K. A., & Hafstad, G. S. (2016). Utøya-studien: Forskningsetiske betraktninger. I V. Enebakk, H. Ingierd & N. O. Refsdal (Red.) De berørte etter 22. juli. Forskningsetiske perspektiver (s. 27-51). Cappelen Damm Akademisk.

Filkukova, P., Hafstad, G. S., & Jensen, T. K. (2016). Who can I trust? Extended fear during and after the Utøya terrorist attack. Psychological Trauma, 8(4), 512-519. doi:10.1037/tra0000141

Filkukova, P., Jensen, T. K., Hafstad, G. S., Minde, H. T., & Minde, H. T., & Dyb, G. (2016). The relationship between posttraumatic stress symptoms and narrative structure among adolescent terrorist-attack survivors. European Journal of Psychotraumatology, 7. doi:10.3402/ejpt.v7.29551

Glad, K. A., Jensen, T. K., Hafstad, G. S., & Dyb, G. (2016). Posttraumatic stress disorder and exposure to trauma reminders after a terrorist attack. Journal of Trauma & Dissociation, 17(4), 435-447. doi:10.1080/15299732.2015.1126777

Hafstad, G. S., & Glad, K. A. (2016). Personlig vekst eller økt sårbarhet? Posttraumatisk vekst fra et utviklingsperspektiv. I C. Øverlien, M. I. Hauge & J. H. Schultz (Red.) Barn, vold og traumer. Møter med unge i utsatte livssituasjoner. (s. 76-89). Universitetsforlaget.

Heir, T., Blix, I., & Knatten, C. K. (2016). Thinking that one’s life was in danger: perceived life threat in individuals directly or indirectly exposed to terror. British Journal of Psychiatry, 209(4), 306-310. doi:10.1192/bjp.bp.115.170167

Hem, C., Nielsen, M. B., Hansen, M., & Heir, T. (2016). Effort-reward imbalance and post-traumatic stress after a workplace terror attack. Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness, 10(2), 219-224. doi:10.1017/dmp.2015.158

Magruder, K. M., Kassam-Adams, N., Thoresen, S., & Olff, M. (2016). Prevention and public health approaches to trauma and traumatic stress: a rationale and a call to action. European Journal of Psychotraumatology, 7. doi:10.3402/ejpt.v7.29715

Nilsen, L. G., Langballe, Å., & Dyb, G. (2016). «Men hva er det egentlig ment for?» Voldsoffererstatning til de overlevende etter terrorangrepet på Utøya 22. juli 2011. Oslo: Nasjonalt kunnskapssenter om vold og traumatisk stress. (Rapport 2/2016).

Røkholt, E. G., Schultz, J. H., & Langballe, Å. (2016). Negotiating a new day: Parents’ contributions to supporting students’ school functioning after exposure to trauma. Psychology Research and Behavior Management, 9, 81-93. doi:10.2147/PRBM.S97229

Solberg, Ø., Birkeland, M. S., Blix, I., Hansen, M., & Heir, T. (2016). Towards an exposure-dependent model of Posttraumatic stress: Longitudinal Course of Posttraumatic stress Symptomatology and Functional Impairment after the 2011 Oslo Bombing. Psychological Medicine, 46(15), 3241-3254. doi:10.1017/S0033291716001860

Stene, L. E., & Dyb, G. (2016). Research participation after terrorism: An open cohort study of survivors and parents after the 2011 Utøya attack in Norway. BMC Research Notes, 9(57). doi:10.1186/s13104-016-1873-1

Stene, L. E., Wentzel-Larsen, T., & Dyb, G. (2016). Healthcare needs, experiences and satisfaction after terrorism: A longitudinal study of survivors from the Utøya attack. Frontiers in Psychology, 7:1809. doi:10.3389/fpsyg.2016.01809

Strøm, I. F., Schultz, J. H., Wentzel-Larsen, T., & Dyb, G. (2016). School performance after experiencing trauma: a longitudinal study of school functioning in survivors of the Utøya shootings in 2011. European Journal of Psychotraumatology, 7:31359, 1-11. doi:10.3402/ejpt.v7.31359

Thoresen, S., Jensen, T. K., Wentzel-Larsen, T., & Dyb, G. (2016). Parents of terror victims. A longitudinal study of parental mental health following the 2011 terrorist attack on Utøya Island. Journal of Anxiety Disorders, 38, 47-54. doi:10.1016/j.janxdis.2016.01.004

Wiström, E. D., Stene, L. E., & Dyb, G. (2016). Etter Utøya-angrepet – hvem fikk tidlig hjelp?. Tidsskrift for Den norske legeforening, 136(14-15), 1223-1226. doi:10.4045/tidsskr.15.0691

Wiström, E. D., Stene, L. E., & Dyb, G. (2016). Following the Utøya attack – who received early assistance?. Tidsskrift for Den norske legeforening, 136(14-15), 1223-1226. doi:10.4045/tidsskr.15.0691

Birkeland, M. S., Hafstad, G. S., Blix, I., & Heir, T. (2015). Latent classes of posttraumatic stress and growth. Anxiety, Stress, and Coping, 28(3), 272-286. doi:10.1080/10615806.2014.956097

Birkeland, M. S., Nielsen, M. B., Knardahl, S., & Heir, T. (2015). Associations between work environment and psychological distress after a workplace terror attack: The importance of role expectations, predictability and leader support. PLoS ONE, 10(3). doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0119492

Birkeland, M. S., Nielsen, M. B., Knardahl, S., & Heir, T. (2015). Time-lagged relationships between leadership behaviors and psychological distress after a workplace terrorist attack. International Archives of Occupational and Environmental Health, 89(4), 689-697. doi:10.1007/s00420-015-1106-2

Blix, I., Birkeland, M. S., Hansen, M., & Heir, T. (2015). Posttraumatic Growth and Centrality of Event: A Longitudinal Study in the Aftermath of the 2011 Oslo Bombing. Psychological Trauma, 7(1), 18-23. doi:10.1037/tra0000006

Bugge, I., Dyb, G., Stensland, S., Ekeberg, Ø., Wentzel-Larsen, T., & Diseth, T. H. (2015). Physical injury and posttraumatic stress reactions. A study of the survivors of the 2011 shooting massacre on Utøya Island, Norway. Journal of Psychosomatic Research, 79(5), 384-390. doi:10.1016/j.jpsychores.2015.09.005

Dyb, G., & Næslund, M. B. (2015). «Opplevelser og reaksjoner hos de som var på Utøya 22. juli 2011». En oppsummering av tredje intervjurunde. Oslo: Nasjonalt kunnskapssenter om vold og traumatisk stress.

Haga, J. M., & Dyb, G. (2015). Dem vi glemte etter 22. juli. Aftenposten (morgenutg. : trykt utg.).

Haga, J. M., Stene, L. E., Wentzel-Larsen, T., Thoresen, S., & Dyb, G. (2015). Early postdisaster health outreach to modern families: a cross-sectional study. BMJ Open, 5:e009402. doi:10.1136/bmjopen-2015-009402

Jensen, T. K., Thoresen, S., & Dyb, G. (2015). Coping responses in the midst of terror: The July 22 terror attack at Utøya Island in Norway. Scandinavian Journal of Psychology, 56(1), 45-52. doi:10.1111/sjop.12182

Nissen, A., Nielsen, M. B., Solberg, Ø., Hansen, M., & Heir, T. (2015). Perception of threat and safety at work among employees in the Norwegian ministries after the 2011 Oslo bombing. Anxiety, Stress, and Coping, 28(6), 650-662. doi:10.1080/10615806.2015.1009831

Solberg, Ø., Blix, I., & Heir, T. (2015). The aftermath of terrorism: posttraumatic stress and functional impairment after the 2011 Oslo bombing. Frontiers in Psychology. doi:10.3389/fpsyg.2015.01156

Stene, L. E., & Dyb, G. (2015). Health service utilization after terrorism: A longitudinal study of survivors of the 2011 Utøya attack in Norway. BMC Health Services Research, 15(1). doi:10.1186/s12913-015-0811-6

Blix, I., Solberg, Ø., & Heir, T. (2014). Centrality of event and symptoms of posttraumatic stress disorder after the 2011 Oslo bombing attack. Applied Cognitive Psychology. doi:10.1002/acp.2988

Dyb, G., & Olff, M. (2014). Understanding terror and violence in the lives of children and adolescents. European Journal of Psychotraumatology, 5. doi:10.3402/ejpt.v5.25121

Dyb, G., Jensen, T. K., Glad, K. A., Nygaard, E., & Thoresen, S. (2014). Early outreach to survivors of the shootings in Norway on the 22nd of July 2011. European Journal of Psychotraumatology, 5. doi:10.3402/ejpt.v5.23523

Dyb, G., Jensen, T. K., Nygaard, E., Ekeberg, Ø., Diseth, T. H., Wentzel-Larsen, T., & Thoresen, S. (2014). Post-traumatic stress reactions in survivors of the 2011 massacre on Utøya Island, Norway. British Journal of Psychiatry, 204(5), 361-367. doi:10.1192/bjp.bp.113.133157

Glad, K. A., Jensen, T. K., & Dyb, G. (2014). «Er det hjelp du har savnet etter terroranslaget på Utøya?» : foreldrene forteller. Tidsskrift for Norsk Psykologforening, 51(7), 537-545.

Hafstad, G. S., Dyb, G., Jensen, T. K., Steinberg, A. M., & Pynoos, R. S. (2014). PTSD prevalence and symptom structure of DSM-5 criteria in adolescents and young adults surviving the 2011 shooting in Norway. Journal of Affective Disorders, 169(1), 40-46. doi:10.1016/j.jad.2014.06.055

Schultz, J. H., Langballe, Å., & Raundalen, M. (2014). Explaining the unexplainable: designing a national strategy on classroom communication concerning the 22 July terror attack in Norway. European Journal of Psychotraumatology, 5(22758).

Thoresen, S., Jensen, T. K., & Dyb, G. (2014). Media Participation and Mental Health in Terrorist Attack Survivors. Journal of Traumatic Stress, 27(6), 639-646. doi:10.1002/jts.21971

Thoresen, S., Jensen, T. K., Wentzel-Larsen, T., & Dyb, G. (2014). Social support barriers and mental health in terrorist attack survivors. Journal of Affective Disorders, 156, 187-193. doi:10.1016/j.jad.2013.12.014

Aakvaag, H. F., Thoresen, S., Wentzel-Larsen, T., Røysamb, E., & Dyb, G. (2014). Shame and guilt in the aftermath of terror: the Utøya Island study. Journal of Traumatic Stress, 27(5), 618-621. doi:10.1002/jts.21957

Blix, I., Hansen, M., Birkeland, M. S., Nissen, A., & Heir, T. (2013). Posttraumatic growth, posttraumatic stress and psychological adjustment in the aftermath of the 2011 Oslo bombing attack. Health and Quality of Life Outcomes, 11:160. doi:10.1186/1477-7525-11-160

Dyb, G., & Glad, K. A. (2013). «Opplevelser og reaksjoner hos de som var på Utøya 22. juli 2011». Deloppsummering nr. 2 fra prosjektgruppen. NKVTS nettpublikasjon.

Hansen, M., Nissen, A., & Heir, T. (2013). Proximity to terror and post-traumatic stress: a follow-up survey of governmental employees after the 2011 Oslo bombing attack. BMJ Open, 3(7). doi:10.1136/bmjopen-2013-002692

Reifels, L., Pietrantoni, L., Prati, G., Yoshiharu, K., Kilpatrick, D. G., Dyb, G., . . . O`Donnell, M. et al. (2013). Lessons learned about psychosocial responses to disaster and mass trauma: an international perspective. European Journal of Psychotraumatology, 4. doi:10.3402/ejpt.v4i0.22897

Glad, K. A., Aadnanes, M., & Dyb, G. (2012). «Opplevelser og reaksjoner hos de som var på Utøya 22. juli 2011» Deloppsummering nr. 1 fra prosjektgruppen. NKVTS.

Thoresen, S., Aakvaag, H. F., Wentzel-Larsen, T., Dyb, G., & Hjemdal, O. K. (2012). The day Norway cried: Proximity and distress in Norwegian citizens following the 22nd July 2011 terrorist attacks in Oslo and on Utøya Island. European Journal of Psychotraumatology, 3. doi:10.3402/ejpt.v3i0.19709

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